Fota Frameyard Blog

Gardening, Nature and Heritage from Fota House

A Profusion of Fuchsia at Fota Frameyard

Leave a comment

Many of us have childhood memories of sucking the nectar from fuchsia flowers or using them to create figures. Some people considered it unlucky to take it into the house. Even the Irish name for the plant -“Deora Dé”, God’s tears – was fascinating.  These memories come back to us as we work this summer in the “buzzing” glasshouses of Fota Frameyard. Great, lumbering bumblebees are busy visiting the many varieties of Fuchsia. Magellanica (alba), Riccartonii, Pink Goon, Tom Thumb, Thalia, Mrs Popple, Nellie Nuttall, Sleepy and the wonderfully named, voluptuous Voodoo. Fuchsia was introduced to Ireland for hedging and a walk at this time of year on a country road in West Cork or Kerry bears this out. A constant stream of bees crossing the road from one fuchsia hedge to another is common. It’s like being on a bee highway.

Fuchsia comes from the Onagraceae family which also includes Great willow-herb (Epilobium hirsutum), another wildflower commonly seen growing in the same ditches. The plant is native mainly to South America.  Fuchsia triphylla was first identified on the Caribbean island of  Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic) around 1696/97 by the French monk and botanist, Charles Plumier. He named the new genus after the German botanist Leonhart Fuchs (1501–1566).  Nowadays, almost 110 species and over 1000 cultivars of Fuchsia are recognised. The majority of these are native to South America. Others can be found in Central America, Mexico, New Zealand and Tahiti. 

Kerry and Fota 224

Fuchsia magellanica alba on the left with pale foliage and Fuchsia Mrs Bell on the right. At the entrance to Glasshouse No. 6  in the Fota Frameyard. 

The most common wild Fuchsia in Ireland is the hardy F. magellanica, a deciduous shrub which, in its native environment, stretches to the southern tip of South America. But it grows happily in cool, temperate zones. It can survive the winters here in Ireland, to flower again the following July, unlike some of the more tropical, cultivated varieties.

Here are some of the fuchsia we grow in the Fota Frameyard. 

Kerry and Fota 226

Fuchsia magellanica alba, a pale and slender  but still hardy variety. The outer sepals are pale pink and the inner corolla a lilac colour. It flowers profusely from June to October and is commonly used for hedging. 

 

Kerry and Fota 241

Fuchsia “Voodoo”. Despite its exotic name and appearance this is a hardy annual which can adapt to most types of soil. It is richly coloured with double purple-violet corolla and deep red sepals. But even before its large flowers open it creates a great impact with large, generous pods.  It blooms from early summer until Autumn. 

Kerry and Fota 240

Fuchsia “Voodoo” pods before opening 

Kerry and Fota 248

Fuchsia “Thalia” is a vigorous, upright, deciduous shrub with olive-green leaves, tinged purple beneath. In summer and autumn it has clusters of tubular orange-red flowers. It is not frost-tolerant and needs to be glass protected during the winter but it can be planted out as a half-hardy during the summer months. If kept in a pot, it prefers a loam-based compost and flowers better in a conventional clay pot. It will tolerate the sun more than most other fuchsias

Kerry and Fota 242

Fuchsia “Mrs Popple” This  plant was named by Clarence Elliott of The Six Hills Nursery, in Stevenage in 1899. The story goes that he was at a tennis party being held by his neighbour Mrs Popple when he noticed the fuchsia growing beside the tennis court. He collected cuttings and named the plant for his host. It’s a good hardy variety with compact flowers. 

Kerry and Fota 204

Fuchsia “Mrs Bell” is named for Dorothy Bell (1894-1975) who was the last of the Smith-Barrys to live at Fota House and  was a keen gardener. This attractive variety has pale pink outer sepals with a rich purple corolla. 

In general, fuchsias like fertile soil and plenty of rain. It is very versatile as it can be grown in containers, beds or as hedging. Cuttings should be taken from new growth in late spring or early summer, from well established plants. Because they can be dwarf or large shrubs they are suitable for most gardens, patios or hanging baskets.

Alan Titschmarch (who has had a variety of fuchsia named after him), writes that “trendy gardeners have always tended to write off the hardy Fuchsia magellanica riccartonii as a bit of a “granny plant”, despite loving the long dangly earring-like flowers as small children” and “have wondered how the plant managed to survive outside all winter when its “classier” patio cousins died of cold”. He believes there is a newfound interest in these plants now, particularly the hardy varieties because “even if the tops are cut down by severe frost, the plants re-grow from the roots next spring.”

You can see many varieties of Fuchsia and other plants in the Fota Frameyard. They are flourishing in our glasshouses and flower-beds and have been propagated by our volunteers for sale in our plant store.  

 

 

All photographs copyright Fotaframeyardblog. 

 

 

 

 

Advertisements

Author: fotaframeyardblog

We are volunteers who work at Fota House Frameyard in County Cork, Ireland.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s